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Applied Research Journal of Science and Technology

International and Multilingual Journal of Science and Technology


ISSN 2695 1738

Analysis of the nature of violence in Kaduna, Nigeria

Aro, Shittu Oluwakayode


Department of Estate Management, Obafemi Awolowo University Ile Ife Nigeria


Correspondence to: [email protected]

Vol 3(1), pp. 1-15, March, 2022

Copyright © 2020 Author(s) and Skies Educational.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

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This study analysed various types of violence in Kaduna state in the last one decade; analysed the trend of violence in the study area from 2011 to 2021; and examined the causes of violence in the study area with a view to providing information that could guide the formulation of adequate security measures in the study area. This study utilized information from both primary and secondary data. A total of 300 questionnaires were administered, however, 198 were retrieved, giving a response rate of 65 per cent. Information on the causes of violence was obtained as primary data, while information on the trend and nature of violence was collected as secondary data. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics. The results showed that kidnapping violence was the most common type of violence, accounting for 36.36 per cent of all incidents of violence in the study area and that among the factors responsible for violence in the study area, the land use/ownership factor was the most significant with violence index of 3.88 while access to weapon factor was less significant with violence index of 1.27. The study recommends that Government should adopt an egalitarian approach in the distribution of economic resources in the study area.

Keywords:      Access to weapons, Egalitarian approach, Kaduna state, Kidnapping violence, Land use/ownership, Violence index


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Aro, Shittu Oluwakayode: The author has Bachelor of Technology, (B.Tech) from the Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Faculty of Environmental and Environmental Technology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria. Also, he obtained Master of Science (MSc.) Degree (Research) in Estate Management from the Estate Management Department, Faculty of Environmental Design and Management, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife Nigeria. He is an associate member of the Nigeria Institution of Estate Surveyors and Valuers (NIESV) and a registered member of Estate Surveyors and Valuers Registration Board of Nigeria (ESVARBON). The author is a Principal consultant at Aro Shittu Consult, a firm of Estate Surveying, Management and Assets Valuation.

All correspondence should be forwarded to:

Aro Shittu Oluwakayode [email protected] (08033700054).

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How to cite this article

Aro S. O. (2022): Analysis of the nature of violence in Kaduna, Nigeria. Applied Research Journal of Science and Technology, 3(1), 1-15.