Instructions for Authors
The Applied Research Journal of Biotechnology (ARJB) welcomes the submission of manuscripts in the various fields relating to the Biotechnology
There is a free publication of high-quality articles. This is to say that the publication fee is waived for authors of such scholarly manuscripts. The free publication is aimed at encouraging researchers and also, maintaining the standard of Applied Research Journal of Biotechnology (ARJB). The Journal is a scholarly on-line, peer-reviewed and international journal of biotechnology that publishes manuscripts that meet scientific excellence.
Electronic submission of manuscripts is strongly encouraged. The text, tables, and figures should be included in a single Microsoft Word file attachment (preferably, texts should be typed in Arial font, size 12 and double spacing).
Submit manuscripts as an e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office at:
A manuscript number will be mailed to the corresponding author same day, within 24 hours.
Manuscripts are reviewed by qualified reviewers. The peer review process is less than 2 weeks. Hence, reviewers’ comments will be returned to the author(s) within 2 weeks after manuscript submission. The accepted manuscripts are published online immediately upon receiving the final version.
Manuscript contents should be arranged as follows: Title, Abstract, Introduction, Study Approach, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgement (if any), and References.
Title: Title should be short and explanatory, describing the content of the paper.
Abstract: Abstract should be between 100 and 250 words, briefly describing the background, aims, study approach, findings and conclusions. The abstract should be written using past tense.
Following the abstract, provide about 3-6 keywords, arranged alphabetically.
Introduction: Introduction should reflect the statement of the problem, relevant literature, proposed approach and specific aim or objective of the study.
Study Approach: Study Approach should be clear and complete, explaining all the procedures and methods, in a way that can be reproduced elsewhere. However, only new procedures should be detailed while previously published procedures can be cited and referenced
Results and Discussion: Results should be presented clearly. The findings should be presented using Tables, Figures, etc. Discussion should reflect the interpretation of the findings with respect to the study and past relevant studies.
Tables and Figures: Tables and figures should be self-explanatory and easy to comprehend. The same data should not be presented using table and graph. Tables should have simple headings.
Units of Measurement: Units of measurement should be presented using System International (SI) units
Conclusion: Conclusion should reflect the importance of the work. Recommendation may be included, if necessary.
Acknowledgments: Acknowledgement may be included, if necessary.
CITATIONS should be numbered in square brackets in the manuscript text and listed in the REFERENCES section in the order they appear in the text. Examples are shown below:
 Edet, A. Nganje, T. N. Ukpong, A. J. and Ekwere, A. S. (2011). Groundwater chemistry and quality of Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 5(13): pp. 1152-1169.
 Idoko, O. M. (2010). Seasonal Variation in Iron in Rural Groundwater of Benue State, Middle Belt, Nigeria. Journal of Nutrition 9 (9): pp. 892-895.
 Bootorabi, F., Haapasalo, J., Smith, E., Haapasalo, H. and Parkkila, S. (2011) Carbonic Anhydrase VII—A Potential Prognostic Marker in Gliomas. Health, 3, 6-12.
Online Journal Articles:
 Adeogun, B.K. (2018) Aspects of Sustainability and Development. Applied Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 1(1): 10-12. https://skies.education/wp-content/uploads/sites/7/SE-J-ARJHSS-2018.0101002-Aspects-of-Sustainability-and-Development.pdf
 Pettijohn, F. J., Potter, P. E. and Siever, R. (1987). Sand and Sandstones. Springer – Verlag New York.
Chapter in an edited book: printed form
 Wade, S. E. (1981). Statistical designs for survey research. In G. H. Stempel III & B. H. Westley (Eds.), Research methods in mass communication (pp. 167-195). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall
Chapter in an edited book: electronic form (with DOI)
 Valls-Ferrer, M., & Mora, J. C. (2014). L2 fluency development in formal instruction and study abroad: The role of initial fluency level and language contact. In C. Pérez-Vidal (Ed.), Language acquisition in study abroad and formal instructional contexts (pp. 111-136). https://doi.org/10.1075/aals.13.07ch5
Chapter in an edited book: electronic form (no DOI)
 Quina, K., & Kanarian, M. A. (1988). Continuing education. In P. Bronstein & K. Quina (Eds.), Teaching a psychology of people: Resources for gender and sociocultural awareness (pp. 200-208). Retrieved from http://www.ebscohost.com/academic/psycinfo
 Game, A. (2001). Creative ways of being. In J. R. Morss, N. Stephenson & J.
F. H. V. Rappard (Eds.), Theoretical issues in psychology: Proceedings of the International Society for Theoretical Psychology 1999 Conference (pp. 3-12). Sydney: Springer.
 Akuh, T.I. (2014). Hydrogeology and Groundwater Quality In Makurdi Metropolis and its Environs. PhD Dissertation, Ahmadu Bello University Nigeria.
 Frontstream (2013): The three pillars of sustainability. https://www.frontstream.com/the-three-pillars-of-sustainability/
Access to Published Articles
For wide dissemination of information and research findings, each published article will be assigned a digital object identifier and deposited in online repositories for easy access by libraries and researchers worldwide. Authors will have free electronic access to the full text (in PDF) of the article. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.
Submission of a manuscript to Skies Educational Journals for publication implies that:
1. The manuscript submitted is the authors(s) own original work
2. The work presented has not been published before, except as parts of theses or published lectures
3. The work is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
4. The text, illustration and other contents of the manuscript do not infringe upon any existing copyright or other rights of anyone.
Authors can opt for basic, standard or pro publication upon acceptance of their article for publication. Detail comparison of the three publication options can be found at https://skies.education/journal/processing-charges/