Skies Educational

Training, Teaching, Research and Publishing Platform for Everyone

Terms of Service


These terms of service (Terms) set out the basis on which you may browse and use our website, available at and its subdomains, directories and any services offered through it. Please also read our Privacy Policy, which explains the ways in which we collect and use your personal information in connection with our business

The Site is owned and operated by Skies Educational Limited, a company registered in Nigeria with registered no: RC 1022665 and situated at:  No 6 Omoniy Aladura, Temidire Quarters, Ibafo, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Your use of the Site will be governed by these Terms, which serve as a legal contract between us and you. By browsing or using the Site and/or any services, content or materials made available through the Site you are agreeing to be legally bound by the Terms.

You may access the Site as an unregistered online user, an author, a reviewer or an editor. Online users need to submit article(s) to become authors, if submitted articles are reviewed and published successfully, while unregistered users need to register to become reviewers and editors to review and edit any articles intended for publication in one of our journals. Any submissions, reviews, edits, information or data (in any form) you make, whether manuscripts, review or edit to a manuscript, are described in these Terms as your Contribution. In addition to these Terms, you acknowledge and agree that you will comply with any Author Guidelines, Editorial Workflows, Publication Ethics or other policies applicable to the journal(s) you contribute to via the various journal sites.

Contributions and Confidentiality

You acknowledge and agree that articles (including all drafts, notes and preparatory material and/or other Contributions related to the article) prior to first publication are highly confidential (Confidential Information). You warrant and agree that you will (a) hold all Confidential Information at all times under conditions of secrecy and will take all reasonable steps to preserve its confidentiality; (b) use Confidential Information solely for the purpose of performing any services authorized by us and for no other purpose whatsoever; and (c) not disclose Confidential Information to any third party or use it for the benefit of any third party other than as permitted by us.

We may revise the Terms at any time by amending this page. Your use of the Site will be subject to the most recent version of the Terms available on the Site. We recommend that you read through the Terms available on the Site regularly so that you can be sure that you are aware of any changes that may apply to you.

General availability of the Site

We do not guarantee that the Site, or any content on it, will always be available, uninterrupted, up to date, or otherwise free from errors, omissions, bugs or viruses.

Access to the Site is permitted on a temporary and as-is basis. We may suspend, withdraw, discontinue or change all or any part of the Site without notice. We will not be liable to you if for any reason our site is unavailable at any time or for any period.

You are responsible for regularly creating backup copies of your Contribution.

General conduct

At all times when using or accessing the Site you represent, warrant and undertake that you will:

  • not breach any applicable laws, statutes, rules, regulations, guidelines, directives and codes;
  • not use the Site to seek or offer any goods or services;
  • not reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or otherwise attempt to obtain the Site’s source code;
  • not misuse the Site by knowingly introducing viruses, Trojans, worms, logic bombs, third-party or external links or other malicious or harmful material;
  • not attempt to gain unauthorized access to the Site, the server on which the Site is stored or any server, computer or database connected to the Site;
  • not attack the Site via a denial-of-service attack or a distributed denial-of-service attack; and
  • comply with the Policies and all reasonable instructions given by us from time to time.

A failure to comply with our conduct expectations set out in the ‘General Conduct’ section, or any other part of these Terms, all of which we reserve the right to determine in our sole discretion, may result in the:

  • deletion of your Contribution; and/or
  • suspension or termination of your right to use the Site services.

Intellectual Property Rights and Publication 

Prior to publication of your Contribution, you grant, and you represent and warrant that you have the right to grant to us a non-exclusive, irrevocable, perpetual, transferable, sub-licensable, worldwide, royalty-free licence to publicly perform, copy, reproduce, display, make available, communicate to the public, modify, edit, manage, distribute, store and publish any and all of your Contribution in print and electronic form.

All Intellectual Property Rights in the Site, with the exception of publications marked “Open Access”, are owned, and will remain owned, by us or our licensors at all times. You may not copy or use any part of the Site other than as expressly permitted by the Terms.

For the Open Access Publications, you acknowledge and agree that, unless otherwise stated in the Journal, your Contribution, if accepted for publication, shall be published by us under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License ( and any data relating to the article (including without limitation any reference lists) is distributed pursuant to the Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (

For the avoidance of doubt, you shall retain the non-exclusive right to publish or otherwise use your Contribution and shall be the “Licensor” of the “Licensed Material” for the purposes of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence and Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver.

We reserve the right to refuse to publish any article or other Contribution for any reason.

By submitting or making a Contribution (including without limitation all tables, abstracts, illustrations, data, diagrams and other materials accompanying the text of the Contribution) for the purposes of publication by us you represent and warrant that:

  • you are the sole author of the Contribution, or, if not, you have been authorized by and have the full permission, licence and consent of all co-authors to submit the Contribution and any personal data associated with the Contribution;
  • you are legally able and entitled to submit the Contribution and authorize us to publish the Contribution in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license and you are legally able and entitled to authorize us to publish any data relating to the Contribution in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication Waiver, as described earlier in this section;
  • the Contribution is original, has not already been published in any other form or is not currently under consideration for publication by another journal;

Article Processing Charges

Publication of an article with us requires payment of a non-refundable article processing charge in accordance with our Article Processing Charges Policy listed for each journal in the Journal Menu: ‘processing-charges

In the event an article is accepted for publication, the author originally submitting the article intended for publication (whether for himself/herself or on behalf of a group of authors or an institution) will be invoiced for the applicable APC. Payments of APCs must be made in the period stipulated on our invoice. Payments must be made in full via our third-party payment service provider and in accordance with such provider’s terms of service. Payment by any other means is permitted only in our sole discretion.

You acknowledge and agree that payment of an APC does not guarantee publication of an article.


If you believe that any part of the Site:

  • infringes your Intellectual Property Rights or other proprietary rights;
  • is defamatory to you; and/or
  • is otherwise in breach of these Terms,

please notify us by writing to us at [email protected]

Third-party links and resources

The Site may contain links to other sites and resources. These links are provided for your information only and we make no warranties or representations whatsoever about any third-party websites which you may access through the Site. We assume no responsibility for the content of sites linked to on the Site. We will not be liable for any loss or damage that may arise from your use of any such third-party sites.

Third-party websites are in no way approved, vetted, checked or endorsed by us and you agree that we shall not be responsible or in any way liable for the content, accuracy, compliance with relevant laws or accessibility or any information, data, advice or statements or for the quality of any products or services available on such sites. Links do not necessarily imply that we are or that the Site is affiliated to or associated with such third-party sites. If you decide to visit any other site, you do so at your own risk. In addition, use of any other site may be subject to your acceptance of additional terms and conditions which we suggest you read carefully before proceeding.

Linking to

You may link to the Site provided you do so in a way that is fair and legal and does not damage our reputation or take advantage of it. However, you must not suggest any form of association, approval or endorsement on our part where none exists and you must not establish a link to the Site in any site that is not owned by you.

The Site must not be framed on any other site.

You may link to any part of the Site but we reserve the right to withdraw linking permission without notice.

Data protection

Please refer to our Privacy Policy, for details of how personally identifiable information is collected and processed by us or shared with others.

Our liability

Nothing in these Terms excludes or limits our liability for anything that cannot be excluded or limited by law.

To the extent permitted by law, we exclude all conditions, warranties, representations or other terms which may apply to the Site or any content made available on it, whether express or implied.

Subject to the first paragraph of this section, you agree that we will not be liable for any loss or damage, (whether direct or indirect or arising under contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise) even if foreseeable, arising under or in connection with any:

  • use of, availability of or inability to use the Site; or
  • use of or reliance on any content displayed on the Site.

Without limiting the effect of the previous paragraph and bullet points, due to the inherent risks of using the Internet, we cannot be liable for any damage to, or viruses that may infect, your internet enabled device or any other property when you are using the Site. The uploading, posting, downloading or accessing of any content (including Contributions), material and/or other information made available by the Site is done at your own discretion and risk and with your agreement that you will be solely responsible for any damage to your device or loss of data that results from the downloading or acquisition of any such content, material and/or information.

You agree to indemnify us against any claims, liabilities, losses, damages, expenses, or legal proceedings arising out of:

  • your use of the Site;
  • your Contribution (including any articles);
  • any breach or alleged breach of your representations or warranties in the “Intellectual Property Rights and Publication” section above; or
  • your failure to comply with these Terms.


Any failure or delay by us to enforce any of our rights under these Terms will not be taken as or deemed to be a waiver of that or any other right unless we acknowledge and agree to such a waiver in writing.

These Terms are not intended to be for the benefit of, nor exercisable by, any person who is not a party to these Terms.

If a court deems any part of the terms set out in these Terms to be invalid, illegal or unenforceable, the remainder of the terms will remain unaffected.

These Terms set out the full extent of our obligations and liabilities concerning the Site and replace any previous agreements and understandings between us and you.

We may assign our rights under this agreement and transfer our obligations under this agreement in our sole discretion by providing notice to you via the email address that you provide to us or by notifying you on our site.

These Terms, their subject matter and formation (and any non-contractual disputes or claims arising out of or in connection with these Terms), are governed and construed in accordance with (Received) English Law and other international convention. We and you, both agree that the courts of The Federal Republic of Nigeria will have exclusive jurisdiction.

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