Skies Educational

Co-digestion of Pretreated Chicken – Goat and Untreated Cow Manure at Different Substrate to Inoculums Ratios and Total Solids for Biogas Production

Clinton Simiyu Waswa1*, Peter Aguko Kabok2 and Daudi M. Nyaanga1

1Agricultural Engineering Department, Egerton University, P.O. Box 536 – 20115, Egerton, Kenya.
2School of Engineering, Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University, P.O. Box 210-40601, Bondo, Kenya.
1Agricultural Engineering Department, Egerton University, P.O. Box 536 – 20115, Egerton, Kenya.

Correspondence to: [email protected]

https://doi.org/10.47721/ARJEE20200303024

Vol 3(3), pp. 11-21, December, 2020

Copyright © 2020 Author(s) and Skies Educational.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

ABSTRACT

Biogas production can be greatly affected by inoculum addition and total solids. The effect of substrate to inoculum ratios and total solids of chicken, goat and cow manure on biogas production was studied using a 0.15m3 laboratory scale batch digester at a constant temperature of 35°C. Feed stocks were mechanically minced to 3 mm effective particle sizes prior to co-digesting with untreated cow manure from a free-range dairy rearing system. Different amounts of cow substrate inoculum were used at ratios of 2:1, 3:1, 4:1, 5:1 and 6:1, while total solid levels between (7.5% and 10.5%) at intervals of 0.5% were used to study their effects on biogas production. Increasing inoculums and total solids resulted in increased biogas production with peaks at a substrate to inoculum ratio of 4:1 (20% inoculum addition) and 9% total solids. Biogas production rates of 0.61 and 0.63m3/m3d were realized respectively.

Keywords: Biogas Production, Chicken-Goat-Cow Manure, Substrate to Inoculum Ratios, Total Solids

REFERENCES

[1] Dahunsi, S. O. and Oranusi, U. S. (2013). Co-digestion of food waste and human excreta for biogas production. Biotechnology Journal International, 485-499.
[2] Feng, L., Li, Y., Chen, C., Liu, X., Xiao, X., Ma, X. and Liu, G. (2013). Biochemical methane potential (BMP) of vinegar residue and the influence of feed to inoculum ratios on biogas production. Bioresources, 8(2), 2487-2498.
[3] Yoon, Y. M., Kim, S. H., Shin, K. S. and Kim, C. H. (2014). Effects of substrate to inoculum ratio on the biochemical methane potential of piggery slaughterhouse wastes. Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences, 27(4), 600.
[4] Lesteur, M., Bellon-Maurel, V., Gonzalez, C., Latrille, E., Roger, J. M., Junqua, G., & Steyer, J. P. (2010). Alternative methods for determining anaerobic biodegradability: a review. Process biochemistry, 45(4), 431-440.
[5] Sreekrishnan, T. R., Kohli, S. and Rana, V. (2004). Enhancement of biogas production from solid substrates using different techniques –a review. Bioresource technology, 95(1), 1-10.
[6] Orhorhoro, E. K., Ebunilo, P. O. and Sadjere, G. E. (2017). Experimental Determination of Effect of Total Solid (TS) and Volatile Solid (VS) on Biogas Yield. American Journal of Modern Energy, 3(6), 131-135.
[7] Igoni, A. H., Abowei, M. F. N., Ayotamuno, M. J. and Eze, C. L. (2008). Effect of total solids concentration of municipal solid waste on the biogas produced in an anaerobic continuous digester. Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal.
[8] Pavan, P., Battistoni, P., Mata-Alvarez, J and Cecchi, F. (2000). Performance of thermophilic semi-dry anaerobic digestion process changing the feed biodegradability. Water Science and Technology, 41(3), 75-81.
[9] Yi, J., Dong, B., Jin, J. and Dai, X. (2014). Effect of increasing total solids contents on anaerobic digestion of food waste under mesophilic conditions: performance and microbial characteristics analysis. PloS one, 9(7), e102548.
[10] Macias-Corral, M., Samani, Z., Hanson, A., Smith, G., Funk, P., Yu, H. and Longworth, J. (2008). Anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste and agricultural waste and the effect of co-digestion with dairy cow manure. Bioresource technology, 99(17), 8288-8293.
[11] Mata-Alvarez J., Mace S. and Labres P. (2000). Anaerobic digestion of organic solid wastes. An overview of research achievements and perspectives. Rev.Paper Bioresource Technology 74:3-16
[12] Yangin-Gomec, C. and Ozturk, I. (2013). Effect of maize silage addition on Biomethane recovery from mesophilic co-digestion of chicken and cattle manure to suppress ammonia inhibition. Energy Conversion and Management, 71, 92-100.
[13] Rahman, M. A., Møller, H. B., Saha, C. K., Alam, M. M., Wahid, R. and Feng, L. (2017). Optimal ratio for anaerobic co-digestion of poultry droppings and lignocellulosic-rich substrates for enhanced biogas production. Energy for Sustainable Development, 39, 59-66.
[14] Sebola, M. R., Tesfagiorgis, H. B. and Muzenda, E. (2015). Methane production from anaerobic co-digestion of cow dung, chicken manure, pig manure and sewage waste. In Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering, 1(3)
[15] Haider, M. R., Yousaf, S., Malik, R. N. and Visvanathan, C. (2015). Effect of mixing ratio of food waste and rice husk co-digestion and substrate to inoculum ratio on biogas production. Bioresource technology, 190, 451-457.
[16] Hashimoto, A. 1989. Effect of inoculum/substrate ratio on methane yield and production rate from straw. Biol. Waste 28(4): 247‐255
[17] Dennis, O. E. (2015). Effect of inoculums on biogas yield. IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry (IOSR-JAC) Volume, 8, 05-08.
[18] Budiyono, B., Widiasa, I. N., Johari, S. and Sunarso, S. (2014). Increasing biogas production rate from cattle manure using rumen fluid as inoculums. International Journal of Science and Engineering, 6(1), 31-38.
[19] Abbassi-Guendouz, A., Brockmann, D., Trably, E., Dumas, C., Delgenès, J. P., Steyer, J. P. and Escudié, R. (2012). Total solids content drives high solid anaerobic digestion via mass transfer limitation. Bioresource technology, 111, 55-61.
[20] Paramaguru, G., Kannan, M., Lawrence, P. and Thamilselvan, D. (2017). Effect of total solids on biogas production through anaerobic digestion of food waste. Desalination and Water Treatment, 63, 63-68.
[21] Asante-Sackey, D., Tetteh, E. K., Nkosi, N., Boakye, G. O., Amano, K. A., Boamah, B. B. and Armah, E. K. (2018). Effects of inoculum to feedstock ratio on anaerobic digestion for biogas production. International Journal of Hydrology, 2, 567-571.
[22] Ma, X., Jiang, T., Chang, J., Tang, Q., Luo, T. and Cui, Z. (2019). Effect of Substrate to Inoculum Ratio on Biogas Production and Microbial Community During Hemi-Solid-State Batch Anaerobic Co-digestion of Rape Straw and Dairy Manure. Applied biochemistry and biotechnology, 189(3), 884-902.
[23] Brown, D. and Li, Y. (2013). Solid state anaerobic co-digestion of yard waste and food waste for biogas production. Bioresource technology, 127, 275-280.
[24] Lin, L., Yang, L., Xu, F., Michel, F. C. and Li, Y. (2014). Comparison of solid-state anaerobic digestion to composting of yard trimmings with effluent from liquid anaerobic digestion: effect of total solids content and feedstock to effluent ratio. In 2014 Montreal, Quebec Canada July 13–July 16, 2014 (p. 1). American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers.
[24] Yang, L., Huang, Y., Zhao, M., Huang, Z., Miao, H., Xu, Z. and Ruan, W. (2015). Enhancing biogas generation performance from food wastes by high-solids thermophilic anaerobic digestion: Effect of pH adjustment. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, 105, 153-159.
[25] Niladevi, K. N., Sukumaran, R. K., Jacob, N., Anisha, G. S. and Prema, P. (2009). Optimization of laccase production from a novel strain—Streptomyces psammoticus using response surface methodology. Microbiological Research, 164(1), 105-113.
[26] Liu, G., Zhang, R., El-Mashad, H. M. and Dong, R. (2009). Effect of feed to inoculum ratios on biogas yields of food and green wastes. Bioresource Technology, 100(21), 5103-5108.
[27] Zhou, H., Löffler, D. and Kranert, M. (2011). Model-based predictions of anaerobic digestion of agricultural substrates for biogas production. Bioresource Technology, 102(23), 10819-10828.
[28] Fathya, S., Assia, K. and Hamza, M. (2014). Influence of inoculums/substrate ratios (ISRs) on the mesophilic anaerobic digestion of slaughterhouse waste in batch mode: Process stability and biogas production. Energy Procedia, 50, 57-63.
[29] Sarker, S., Lamb, J. J., Hjelme, D. R. and Lien, K. M. (2019). A review of the role of critical parameters in the design and operation of biogas production plants. Applied Sciences, 9(9), 1915.
[30] Masinde, B. H., Nyaanga, D. M., Njue, M. R. and Matofari, J. W. (2020). Effect of Total Solids on Biogas Production in a Fixed Dome Laboratory Digester under Mesophilic Temperature. Annals of Advanced Agricultural Sciences, 4(2), 27.
[31] Kiener, A. and Leisinger, T. (1983). Oxygen sensitivity of methanogenic bacteria. Systematic and Applied Microbiology, 4(3), 305-312
[32] Prashanth, S., Kumar, P. and Mehrotra, I. (2006). Anaerobic degradability: effect of particulate COD. Journal of environmental engineering, 132(4), 488-496.
[33] Zhou, Y., Li, C., Nges, I. A. and Liu, J. (2017). The effects of pre-aeration and inoculation on solid-state anaerobic digestion of rice straw. Bioresource technology, 224, 78-86.

CITATIONS

CrossRef Citation (0)

Google Scholar Citations

AUTHORS

  1. Mr. Waswa:
    Holds BSc in Agricultural Engineering and currently an MSc. Agricultural Engineering (Renewable Energy) student at Egerton University, Graduate Engineer (EBK). He is currently supervising the construction of an irrigation project on behalf of the Ministry of Agriculture and tutoring at Kisiwa Technical Institute. He is a new entrant in academia and research.
  2. Dr. (Engr.) Kabok:
    Holds PhD in Agricultural Engineering and currently is a Senior Lecturer (JOOST), Consulting Engineer (EBK), published over 40 articles, papers and reports in various fields of Engineering, wind energy, irrigation among others in reputable journals and publications. He served in various capacities including being Managing Director in Lake Basin Development Authority (LBDA)”
  3. Prof. Nyaanga:
    Holds PhD in Agricultural Engineering and currently Professor (Egerton University), published over 60 articles, papers and reports in various fields of Engineering, bioenergy, processing among others in reputable journals and publications. He has been in academia for most of the time with an initial short brief at the Ministry of Agriculture

ARTICLE METRICS

CrossRef Article Metrics

HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE

Waswa C.S., Aguko, P.A. and Nyaanga, D.M.. (2020). Co-digestion of Pretreated Chicken – Goat and Untreated Cow Manure at Different Substrate to Inoculums Ratios and Total Solids for Biogas Production. Applied Research Journal of Environmental Engineering, 3(3), 11-21. https://doi.org/10.47721/ARJEE202003024

https://skies.education/arjee/co-digestion-of-pretreated-chicken-goat-and-untreated-cow-manure-at-different-substrate-to-inoculums-ratios-and-total-solids-for-biogas-production/

Scroll to Top